Emirates Scholar Research Center - Research Publishing & Indexing Center

Deep Learning-Based Entity Recognition In Construction Regulatory Documents

Authors:  Phillip Schönfelder

Journal: 38th International Symposium On Automation And Robotics In Construction Dubai, UAE.

Publication Date:  Nov 2021.

Keywords:  Automatic Compliance Checking (ACC) Building Information Modeling (BIM) Natural Language Processing (NLP) Named Entity Recognition (NER) Machine Learning


In The Construction Industry, Contractors Require Precise Knowledge Of Design Restrictions Originating From Regulatory Documents And Contract Specifications. For The Automatic Compliance Checking Of The Building Design Regarding These Rules, They Have To Be Converted From The Representation In Natural Language To A Machine-Readable Format. This Task, If Carried Out By Human Experts, Is Quite Laborious And Error-Prone, And Thus Its Automation Is Anticipated. A Building Block Of This Information Extraction Process Is To Find The Key Terms Which Carry The Semantic Information In Each Design Rule. Named Entity Recognition, A Sub-Task Of Information Extraction In The Field Of Natural Language Processing, Aims Towards Finding These Entities In Unstructured Text And Assigning Them A Label According To Predefined Classes. This Paper Presents A Method Based On A Supervised Deep Learning Transformer Model, Which Is Used To Extract Relevant Terms From A Corpus Of German Regulatory Documents. It Requires Few Training Data, No User Interaction And Achieves Weighted Performance Scores Of Over 95% Precision And 95% Recall, Given That 12 Unbalanced Classes Are Specified. Additionally, It Is Investigated How Different Tagging Schemes And Model Variations Affect The Classifier’s Performance. For Future Extensions, The Class Labels Are Chosen Such That They Can Be Linked To Concepts Already Defined By Industry Foundation Classes. As Part Of This Study, A Training Data Set Is Created Consisting Of 2500 Sentences From Construction Law Documents, Annotated With Named Entity Tags.

Read full article

Join the Conversation

  1. I got this website from my friend who told me about this web site and at the moment this time I am visiting this web page and reading very informative content at this place.

  2. Hi, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that,
    great blog!

  3. It’s truly a great and useful piece of information. I am happy that you shared this useful info with
    us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  4. I pay a quick visit every day a few web sites and information sites to read articles,
    but this webpage offers quality based writing.

  5. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post.

    Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  6. If you would like to obtain much from this post then you have to apply these techniques to your won weblog.

  7. The web site is regulated and licensed by both thee UK Gambling Commiesion and the
    Malta Gambling Authority.

    My webb site; 메이저토토사이트

  8. With each other with casino games, poker is banned for locals in South Korea.

    Have a look at my web-site: webpage

  9. The 1 bonus you are likely to come acrross extra than any other
    as a new player.

    Feell free to visit my homepage – 카지노사이트

  10. You can bank your cash and receive your winnings through Visa/MasterCard, iDebit,
    Interac, Neosurf, Paysafecard, oor MuchBetter.

    Feel free to surf to mmy site :: ioaaau.com

  11. Meanwhile, the quantity off guys functioning
    in the profession remained efficiently unchanged at 50,893.

    my web page: 유흥알바

  12. On the web Casino andd Gambling iis an entertainment form that comes with a
    higher danger of losing your dollars.

    Feel free to visit my web blog: gawio.blogofoto.com

  13. Video poker adds aan aspct that slot machines never give — the elements of ability and challenge.

    my web page :: more info

  14. Remember too evaluate very carefully which courses
    are needed for your on-time graduation.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post; 미수다알바

  15. In spite of relaxing the muscles, sports massage iis not especially relaxing.

    Alsso visit myy web-site – 스웨디시마사지

  16. In this case, Gmail is each a mobile and web app
    but not a desktop app.

    My site: 동행복권 파워볼

  17. We are accepting resumes for native French, English,
    Swedish, Spanish, Italian, and Geerman speaking employees.

    Look at my web-site – 미수다알바

  18. This website was… how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something which helped me.
    Appreciate it!

    Also visit my blog: 란제리알바

  19. If yyou hzve a credit card, you could posssibly qualify for a credit
    card money advance.

    Feel free to visit my blog … 신용 대출

  20. Every state can usuallpy have a exclusive set oof bonuses suchh as
    the West Virginnia casino bonuses.

    My web site – 온라인카지노

  21. If someone ever guesses your password, they can access your account unless you choose a safety
    quetion with an answer that only you know.

    Here is my homepage; website

  22. As for their odds to make the playoffs, they’ve been favored and cashed
    those odds in four of the final 5 seasons.

    My website 안전토토사이트

  23. Players who uuse their 1st deposit on the crypto casino welcome bonus will get a 125% match up to $1,250 with a solid 25x playthrough
    requirement when they use the “BTCCWB1250” promo code.

    Here is my website 온라인카지노

  24. Certainly, you will be responsible for your
    own schedule, funds and duties.

    Feel free to visit my bloog :: site

  25. (A-1, A-two and A-3 visas are exempt from this because they’re for diplomts and government officials).

    Take a lolk at my homepage – 여성알바

  26. Ladies comprise a small below half of the deliuvery menn and women on Uber Eats.

    Have a ook aat my web-site; 텐프로알바

  27. FlexJobs.com, for example, liists a lot of providers
    that employ remote client service representatives.

    my homepage :: 업소알바

  28. Plus, you will have the chance to redeem your creditss for actual cash prizes on specific platforms.

    Take a look at my page … get more info

  29. Please note that the privacy policies of the
    social netwok platform providers will apply in these circumstances and we encourage you to studfy them.

    My page – 파워볼중계

  30. Previously, the peer-to-peer lending business
    wwas lightly regulated.

    Feel free to visit my website … 대환대출

  31. We also test-drive games repeatedly to axsure you get a trustworthy gaming knowledge.

    Here is my website :: soho1008.ooi.kr

  32. Cashback bonuses are a type of bonus that provides players with a percentage of their losses back as
    bonus funds or pplay credits.

    my web blog :: check here

  33. Foor example, there’s a blockbuster bonus that makess it possible foor you to claim a generous
    Bitcoin reward when you mwke your next deposit.

    Stop byy myy weeb site read more

  34. They opened their doors to Canadian players a few years ago,
    and they speedily took over the market place up north.

    Take a look at myy site 카지노추천

  35. When you’re rdady to withdraw your winnings, you can use a
    credit card, bank wire,or money out by means of Bitcoin.

    my webpage: get more info

  36. If a sportsbook chooses nott to spend, there’s virtually absolutely nothing that can be accomplished.

    My website :: more info

  37. Every single member of our team is motivated to surpass expectations for therapy,
    care and service.

    Also visit my hokepage – 여성알바

  38. Her landlord threatened to evict her ill shhe wangled rent help from the county.

    Feel free to surf to my website; 이지알바

  39. You cann also reap the positive aspects by applying critical
    oils to your skin, exactly where it is absorbed into youur physique.

    My web page; 스웨디시마사지

  40. “The government rightly desires to see the economy grow,” the Cranfield
    researchers clarify.

    Look at myy website; 비제이알바

  41. Slots are speciwlly well-known amongst Korean players, with plenty of Asian and Marvel-themed slots.

    Visit my site :: 카지노사이트

  42. The countries with the highest percentazge of automation threat haad been Germany, Austria, and
    Spain, at 12 percent.

    Also visit my sie … 노래방 알바

  43. He is a 2001 grtaduate of Higher Point University in North Carolina, where he earned a bachelor’s degree inn Psychology,
    and a 2021 graduate of the Temple Police Academy, Policde Chief Joseph D.
    Kelly III said.

    Here is my web site … 이지알바

  44. physique and the breath, with the mixture off sweet or woody aromas and cooling or

    Feel fee to visit my blog … 스웨디시 복장

  45. Thiis confirmation PNR will also contain partgicular train information—date,
    time, quantity of passengers, fare code, and rules.

    Also visit mmy blog post; web page

  46. The game off Bitcoin cash lottery is not as widespread to observe
    as are some of the other possibilities ablut the

    Look at my website; 동행스피드키노

  47. It was estimated that onhly 6 % of jobs in Korea are at rosk of automation and replacement by robots.

    Look at mmy page – 이지알바

  48. Other highlights in the Formula 1 season contain the Monaco
    Grand Prix, Italin Grand Prix and the United States Grand Prix.

    Feel free to surf to mmy wweb page – get more info

  49. In order to accept a job, you will only need to interact with the listing on the
    Bulletin Board.

    Also visit my web blolg – web page

  50. If you aren’t possessing enjoyable playing the games,
    appear for a link or a buttoln too skip the game.

    Also visit my webb blog – 파워볼

  51. As previously reported in the AJC, prosecutors hwve to ddcide iff race or gender was
    a principal motivation behind the violence.

    Also visit my web-site: 스웨디시마사지

  52. Rounding out the amazing drawcard that already is Thhe Continental Sorrento, Aurora Spa &
    Bathhouse is the luxe day spa attawched to the mega destination.

    Feel ftee to visit my wweb blog – 스웨디시 타이

  53. All E visas are sponsored by The Korean Department of Immigration and the Korean Department of Consular Affaits (Korean Consulates).

    Feel free to surf to my web blog: bar 알바

  54. Given that then, about 850,000 Nepalese individhals have applied to take the Korean language test,
    Khanal says.

    Here is my web-site: website

  55. I think this is among the most vital information for me. And i am glad reading
    your article. But want to remark on some general things,
    The web site style is perfect, the articles is really excellent : D.
    Good job, cheers

  56. Set the ‘Paid time’ rule for the time in which worked

    My web page; 텐카페 알바

  57. Newcomers and experienced cuwtomers alike will rejoice at the provider’s effortless-to-use apps across Windows, Mac,
    Android, and iOS.

    Feel free to visit my webpage web site

  58. According to the Federal Trade Commission, you could be capable too get up
    to 80% of your home’s value toward your loan.

    Also visit my web blog – web site

  59. To make positive that yoou are constant, place this commitment into
    your calendar as a weekly recurring event.

    My web blog 마사지 알바

  60. Some moothers in intense, male-dominated industries such as finance or law or with older
    ledership teams really feel pressure to go into the
    office much more than they’d like.

    Feel free to visit my web site :: 레깅스알바

  61. At the finish of the year, Inlkand Income will calculate
    your total revenue and tax you primarily based on your person tax

    Feeel free to visit my web-site 유흥알바

  62. In addition, you can also see a chhoice of scrumptious Western fare at HLA Restaurant on the rooftop.

    Here iss my homepage; 스웨디시 리뷰

  63. That waas the toal worth of the worldwide on line lottery market as of 2022.

    Here is my page; site

  64. JB massage locations provide top quality service, affordability, and comfort.

    Feel free to surf to my web-site 스웨디시마사지

  65. Please make confident you have activated your oown Ticketmaster account and login.

    Also visit my blog post 보글파워볼

  66. Presently, there aree nearly 1,000 Thai restaurants in France, half of them positioned in Paris.

    Here is myy site: 스웨디시 할인정보

  67. There’s certainly a great deal to know about this issue.
    I like all of the points you’ve made.

  68. LendingClub has a decrease maximum origination fee (6%) than some of our picks and has a
    minimum credit score requirement of 600.

    My web page; 대환대출

  69. As the weeks wore on, the shock turned to despair at the
    drudgery of the days, the loss of their professional purpose, the lack oof selection in it all.

    My web blog; 밤알바

  70. MoneyMutual operates by allowing borrowers too submit a
    singe application, which is thrn hared with a network off lenders.

    Look into myy page – 신용대출

  71. Hi friends, good post and good arguments commented here, I am truly enjoying
    by these.

  72. A private loan is one particular of thhe most versatile forms off credit

    Review my website :: 정부지원대출

  73. And you can try to have fewer fixed commitments
    in your schedule in general when you know that you will have to have to
    be spending a lot of time onn applications.

    Also visit my page … 아가씨 알바

  74. What’s up to all, it’s in fact a pleasant for me to go to see this
    web site, it contains helpful Information.

Comments are closed.

Scroll to top
Browse Tags