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Hierarchical Planning for Autonomous Excavator on Material Loading Tasks

Authors: ​Liyang Wang

Journal: 38th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction Dubai, UAE.

Publication Date:  Nov 2021.

Keywords: Task Planning Autonomous Excavator Planning Architecture Material Loading


Abstract

Autonomous Excavator Develops Rapidly In Recent Years As A Result Of The Shortage Of Labor And Hazardous Working Environments For Operating Excavators. We Present A Novel Hierarchical Planning System For Autonomous Excavators. The Overall Planning System Consists Of A High-Level Task Planner For Task Division And Base Movement Planning, And General Sub-Task Planners With Motion Primitives, Which Include Both Arm And Base Movement. Using The Proposed System Architecture, We Experiment The Trench And Pile Removal Tasks In The Real World And Experiment Large-Scale Material Loading Tasks In A Simulation Environment. The Results Show That The System Architecture And Planner Algorithms Are Able To Generate Effective Task And Motion Plans Which Perform Well In Autonomous Excavation.

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