Conference: 4th International Conference In Prophetic Medicine Research
Keywords: Prophetic Medicine
The maintenance of oral health is of vital interest and can be achieved mainly by mechanical and chemical means. Despite the widespread use of toothbrushes and dentifrices, natural methods of tooth cleaning using herbal “chewing sticks” is common in several parts of the world. Salvadora persica L., also known as Arak (in Arabic) is the most common traditional source of chewing stick (Miswak) and highly recommended by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). It is used by Muslim peoples as a natural product for the cleansing of teeth, to ensure the oral and dental hygiene. Several scientific studies have demonstrated that the miswak (Salvadora persica) possesses antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral, anti-cariogenic, and anti-plaque properties. Other studies have also showed that miswak has anti-oxidant, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory effects. The use of a miswak has an immediate effect on the composition of saliva. Several studies confirmed that the mechanical and chemical cleansing efficacy of miswak chewing sticks are equal and at times greater than that of the toothbrush. The chemical effects of S. persica on dental plaque, sub-gingival microbiota and gingival inflammation have been well demonstrated. Despite the extensive studies which have probed primarily into the validation of miwak uses in oral care, there is still a dearth of updated compilation and critical analysis of other potential pharmacological properties of S. persica. The evidence-based medical benefits of Siwak will be presented.